Physical Geography Book PDF free download for the preparation of UPSC, SSC and other all competitive exams. This Geomorphology by Savindra Singh cover all the topics of world physical Geography in detail.
Physical geography is a subfield of geography that focuses on the study of Earth’s natural features and processes. It examines the physical characteristics of the Earth’s surface and how they interact with both human and natural activities. This branch of geography encompasses a wide range of topics and disciplines, providing a holistic understanding of the Earth’s physical environment.
Key elements of physical geography include:
- Landforms and Topography: Physical geography investigates the various landforms that make up the Earth’s surface, such as mountains, valleys, plains, plateaus, and deserts. It also explores the processes that shape these features, including erosion, weathering, and tectonic activity.
- Climate and Weather: The study of climate and weather patterns falls under physical geography. This involves understanding atmospheric processes, temperature variations, precipitation, wind patterns, and climatic zones. Climatology is a specialized sub-discipline that focuses specifically on climate.
- Biogeography: Biogeography examines the distribution of plant and animal species across the planet. It explores the factors influencing the geographic patterns of biodiversity, such as climate, topography, and human activities.
- Hydrology: Hydrology is the study of water in all its forms, including rivers, lakes, oceans, groundwater, and atmospheric water. Physical geographers analyze the movement of water through the hydrological cycle, including processes like evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff.
- Soils and Pedology: The composition, formation, and classification of soils are essential components of physical geography. Pedology, a sub-discipline, specifically focuses on the study of soils, including their properties and distribution.
- Natural Hazards: Physical geography examines natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, floods, and landslides. Understanding the causes and consequences of these events is crucial for assessing and managing the associated risks.
- Ecosystems and Ecology: Physical geography explores ecosystems and their interactions with the physical environment. It considers the relationships between living organisms, their habitats, and the surrounding landscapes.
- Remote Sensing and GIS: Modern techniques, such as remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), play a significant role in physical geography. These technologies allow geographers to collect, analyze, and visualize spatial data, enhancing our understanding of Earth’s physical processes.
Contents of Geomorphology Book
Nature of Geomorphology
Fundamental Concepts in Geomorphology
Theories of Landform Development
Climatic Geomorphology and Morphogenetic Regions
Constitution of the Earth’s Interior
Continents and Oceans
Theory of Isostasy
Vulcanicity and Landforms
Weathering and Massmovement
Cycle of Erosion, Rejuvenation and Polycyclic Reliefs
Denudation Chronology, Erosion Surfaces and Peneplains
Drainage Systems and Patterns
Morphometry of Drainage Basins
River Valleys, Graded River and Profile of Equilibrium
Arid and Semiarid Geomorphology
Climate Change and Quaternary Geomorphology
Download : Physical Geography Book PDF
Name : Geomorphology
Author : Savindra Singh
Medium : English
Number of pages : 664