List of Rivers in India PDF with names, touching states, length, originates from and merge / ends to improve General Knowledge and General Awareness for UPSC, SSC and all competitive exams.
India is home to a vast and intricate network of rivers, which play a crucial role in the country’s geographical, ecological, and cultural diversity. These rivers have shaped the landscape, supported agriculture, and influenced the development of civilizations for millennia. Here is an overview of some of the major rivers in India:
- Ganges (Ganga):
- The Ganges is one of India’s most sacred rivers, revered by millions of people. It originates from the Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas.
- It flows through the northern plains of India, passing through states like Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.
- The Ganges is not only important culturally but also agriculturally, as it provides fertile soil for farming.
- The Yamuna is the Ganges’ major tributary and flows through northern India, originating from the Yamunotri Glacier in the Himalayas.
- It flows through states like Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, and Uttar Pradesh before joining the Ganges in Allahabad.
- The Brahmaputra River originates in Tibet and flows through India’s northeastern states, particularly Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.
- It is known for its powerful currents and its importance in the region’s agriculture and transport.
- The Indus River primarily flows through Pakistan, but a portion of it runs through the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
- It played a significant historical role in the development of the Indus Valley Civilization.
- The Krishna River flows through the southern part of India, originating in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra.
- It is a vital river for agriculture and is a major source of irrigation in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.
- The Godavari is the second-longest river in India, originating in the central part of the country and flowing eastwards through states like Maharashtra, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh.
- It is often referred to as the “Dakshin Ganga” (Ganges of the South) due to its significance.
- The Narmada River flows through central India, originating in Madhya Pradesh and emptying into the Arabian Sea.
- It is known for the Marble Rocks in Jabalpur and plays a vital role in providing water and irrigation to the surrounding regions.
- The Tapti River flows through central India, originating in the Satpura Range and emptying into the Arabian Sea.
- It is relatively shorter compared to other major rivers but serves as an important water source for the region.
These rivers not only contribute to India’s agriculture and economy but also hold immense religious and cultural significance.
List of Rivers in India
|Name of Rivers||Touching States||Length||Originates From||Ends in|
|Alaknanda||Uttarakhand||190 K.M||Satopanth & Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier||Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand|
|Beas||Himachal Pradesh, Punjab||470 K.M.||Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh||Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India|
|Benas||Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh||512 K.M||Rohtang Pass||Chambal|
|Betwa||Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh||590 K.M.||Vindhya Range||Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP|
|Bhagirathi||Uttarakhand,||205 K.M||Gaumukh, Uttarakhand||Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand|
|Bhima||Maharashtra, Karnataka,Telangana||861 K.M||Bhimashankar||Krishna river, near raichur|
|Brahmani||Odisha||480||Bay of Bengal||Ganga|
|Brahmaputra||Assam, Arunachal,Tibet||1800 K.M.||Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh||Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal|
|Chenab||Himachal Pradesh, Punjab||960 K.M.||Upper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh||Merges with Indus|
|Damodar||Jharkhand, Bengal||592 K.M||Tributary of Hugli near Chandwara, Jharkhand||Merges with Hugli in West Bengal|
|Gandak||Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar||630 K.M.||Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam)||Joins Ganga near Patna|
|Ganga||Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal||2,525 K.M.||Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand||Bay of Bengal|
|Ghaghara||Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan||1080 K.M||Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, tributary of Ganga||Joins Ganga in Bihar|
|Godavari||Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry||1,465 K.M.||Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states||Empties in Bay of Bengal|
|Gomti||Uttarpradesh, Gujarat,||900 K.M.||Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP||Joins Ganga in Varanasi district|
|Hugli (Hooghly)||West Bengal, Kolkata||260 K.M||Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal||Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal|
|Indravati||Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra||535 K.M||Dandakaranya range, Kalahandi district, Odisha||Godavari near border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Telangana|
|Indus||Gilgit-Baltistan, Jammu and Kashmir|
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Sindh
|3180 K.M||Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K||Merges into Arabian sea near Sindh|
|Jhelum||Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir,||725 K.M.||Tributary of Chenab River, Punjab||Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)|
|Kaveri||Karnataka, Tamilnadu,||765 K.M.||Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka||Ends in Bay of Bengal|
|Konya||Maharashtra||130 K.M||Krishna Rive||Maharashtra|
|Kosi||Shigatse Prefecture, Janakpur, Sagarmatha, Koshi, Mechi Zones, Bihar||720 K.M.|
Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border
|Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar|
|Krishna||Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh||1,400 K.M.||Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra||Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh|
|Mahanadi||Chhattisgarh, Odisha||858 K.M.||Dhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh||Bay of Bengal, near False Point, Kendrapara, Odisha|
|Mahananda||West Bengal, Bihar||360 K.M||Paglajhora falls, Darjeeling, West Bengal||Merge in Ganga|
|Mahi||Madhya Pradesh, Vindhyas||580 K.M||Rises in Madhya Pradesh||Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat|
|Narmada||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat||1,315 K.M.||Starts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh||Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay|
|Penner (Penna)||Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka||597 K.M||Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur district, Karnataka||Bay of Bengal, near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh|
|Periyar||Kerala, Tamil Nadu||244 K.M||Sivagiri hills, Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu||Lakshadweep sea, Kerala|
|Ramganga||Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh||596 K.M||Ganga||Ramganga Dam|
|Ravi||Himachal Pradesh, Punjab||720 K.M.||Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh||Joins Chenab in Pakistan|
|Sabarmati||Aravalli Range, Udaipur||371 K.M||Dhebar lake, Aravalli range, near Udaipur, Rajasthan||Gulf of Khambhat|
|Sharda||Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh||350 K.M||Ganga||Ghaghra River|
|Son||Madhya pradesh,Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand,Bihar||784 K.M.||Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh||Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system|
|Subarnarekha||Jharkhand, Odisha,West Bengal||395 K.M||Chota Nagpur plateau, near Ranchi, Jharkhand||Kirtania Port, near Talsari, Bay of Bengal|
|Sutlej||Himachal Pradesh, Punjab||1,500 K.M.||Tributary of Indus River, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet||Meets Beas River in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea|
|Tapti||Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat||724 K.M.||Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh||Empties into Gulf of Khambhat, Gujarat|
|Teesta||Sikkim, India, West Bengal, India,Rangpur, Bangladesh||309 K.M||Brahmaputra||Rangeet River.|
|Tungabhadra||Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh,Telangana||531 K.M||Tributary of Krishna River staring at Karnataka||Joins Krishna River along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh|
|Vaigai||Tamil Nadu,||258 K.M||Varusanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu||Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu|
|Yamuna||Uttarakhand,Himachal Pradesh,Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi||1,376 K.M.||Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand||Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot|
Download : List of Rivers in India PDF
Name : Rivers in India – Length and Touching states
Medium : English
Number of pages : 4