Computer Terminology PDF Download

Computer Terminology PDF, कंप्यूटर शब्दावली पीडीएफ useful for NIELIT CCC Computer Exam, SSC Bank and all Govt Job competition available for free Download.

Some Important Terminology from the PDF

Bit – the smallest piece of information used by the computer. Derived from “binary
digit”. In computer language, either a one (1) or a zero (0).
Backup – a copy of a file or disk you make for archiving purposes.
Boot – to start up a computer.
Bug – a programming error that causes a program to behave in an unexpected way.
Bus – an electronic pathway through which data is transmitted between components in a computer.

MB – short for megabyte.
Megabyte – 1024 kilobytes.
Memory – the temporary holding area where data is stored while it is being used or changed; the amount of RAM a computer has installed.
Menu – a list of program commands listed by topic.
Menu bar – the horizontal bar across the top of the screen that lists the menus.
MHz – Abbreviation for megahertz, or millions of cycles per second.
Multi tasking – running more than one application in memory at the same time.
Nanosecond – one billionth of a second.
Operating system- the system software that controls the computer.
Optical disk – a high-capacity storage medium that is read by a laser light.
Palette – a small floating window that contains tools used in a given application.
Partition – a subdivision of a hard drives surface that is defined and used as a separate drive.

Serial port – a port that allows data to be transmitted in a series (one after the other), such as the printer and modem ports on a Mac.
Server – a central computer dedicated to sending and receiving data from other computers (on a network).
Shut down – the command from the Special menu that shuts down the computer safely.
Software – files on disk that contain instructions for a computer.
Spreadsheet – a program designed to look like an electronic ledger.
Start up disk – the disk containing system software and is designated to be used to start the computer.
Surge suppressor – a power strip that has circuits designed to reduce the effects of surge in electrical power. (Not the same as a UPS)
32 bit addressing – a feature that allows the computer to recognize and use more than 8MB of memory.
Thin client – A simple client program or hardware device that relies on most of the function of the system being in the server
Title bar – the horizontal bar at the top of a window that has the name of the file or folder it represents.
Upload – to send a file from one computer to another through a network

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Number of Pages : 04

Computer Knowledge Questions Quiz


Application – A computer program that does specific tasks such as word processing or spreadsheets.

Bit – Represents a binary digit which is the amount of information obtained by asking a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ question. This is also the smallest unit of information stored on a computer as a 0 or 1.

Blinking Cursor – This is a vertical blinking bar that locates the position on the screen where text can be inserted or deleted. This appears most frequently in text or dialog boxes.

Byte – Data is stored on a computer in Bytes. A byte is one character, which may be a number or letter. A byte is composed of 8 consecutive bits.  1,000 bytes = 1 kilobyte (K or KB)  1,000 KB = 1 megabyte (MB)  1,000 MB = 1 gigabyte (GB)  1,000 GB = 1 Terabyte (TB)

Cache This is a type of memory and is similar to RAM. Cache is used by the computer to move data between the RAM and CPU.

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