Computer Terminology PDF, कंप्यूटर शब्दावली पीडीएफ useful for NIELIT CCC Computer Exam, SSC Bank and all Govt Job competition available for free Download.
Some Important Terminology from the PDF
Bit – the smallest piece of information used by the computer. Derived from “binary
digit”. In computer language, either a one (1) or a zero (0).
Backup – a copy of a file or disk you make for archiving purposes.
Boot – to start up a computer.
Bug – a programming error that causes a program to behave in an unexpected way.
Bus – an electronic pathway through which data is transmitted between components in a computer.
MB – short for megabyte.
Megabyte – 1024 kilobytes.
Memory – the temporary holding area where data is stored while it is being used or changed; the amount of RAM a computer has installed.
Menu – a list of program commands listed by topic.
Menu bar – the horizontal bar across the top of the screen that lists the menus.
MHz – Abbreviation for megahertz, or millions of cycles per second.
Multi tasking – running more than one application in memory at the same time.
Nanosecond – one billionth of a second.
Operating system- the system software that controls the computer.
Optical disk – a high-capacity storage medium that is read by a laser light.
Palette – a small floating window that contains tools used in a given application.
Partition – a subdivision of a hard drives surface that is defined and used as a separate drive.
Serial port – a port that allows data to be transmitted in a series (one after the other), such as the printer and modem ports on a Mac.
Server – a central computer dedicated to sending and receiving data from other computers (on a network).
Shut down – the command from the Special menu that shuts down the computer safely.
Software – files on disk that contain instructions for a computer.
Spreadsheet – a program designed to look like an electronic ledger.
Start up disk – the disk containing system software and is designated to be used to start the computer.
Surge suppressor – a power strip that has circuits designed to reduce the effects of surge in electrical power. (Not the same as a UPS)
32 bit addressing – a feature that allows the computer to recognize and use more than 8MB of memory.
Thin client – A simple client program or hardware device that relies on most of the function of the system being in the server
Title bar – the horizontal bar at the top of a window that has the name of the file or folder it represents.
Upload – to send a file from one computer to another through a network
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Computer Knowledge Questions Quiz
Computer Questions Practice Set for CCC and Govt Job Exams
COMPUTER BASICS – TERMINOLOGY
Application – A computer program that does specific tasks such as word processing or spreadsheets.
Bit – Represents a binary digit which is the amount of information obtained by asking a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ question. This is also the smallest unit of information stored on a computer as a 0 or 1.
Blinking Cursor – This is a vertical blinking bar that locates the position on the screen where text can be inserted or deleted. This appears most frequently in text or dialog boxes.
Byte – Data is stored on a computer in Bytes. A byte is one character, which may be a number or letter. A byte is composed of 8 consecutive bits. 1,000 bytes = 1 kilobyte (K or KB) 1,000 KB = 1 megabyte (MB) 1,000 MB = 1 gigabyte (GB) 1,000 GB = 1 Terabyte (TB)
Cache This is a type of memory and is similar to RAM. Cache is used by the computer to move data between the RAM and CPU.